Guernica

Guernica is a painting produced in 1937 by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso.

One of the most influential political paintings in the world with strong message against war although critiques interpret it ambiguous.

Artistic response to the bombing of Basque village Guernica, the painting describes agony of people, animals and their environment. Military action was enforced by Italian and German forces but it was requested by Franco, essentially it was the act of supporting his regime. Horror of civil war in Spain is seen by the world, mural-sized painting with gray, black and white palette revive tragedy in the eyes of spectator.

On the other hand, painting does not indicates specific event, it is rather a collage of symbolic images of war indented to warn mankind, one of which is a mother crying over her dead child. Two dominant motifs in Picasso’s art bull and horse are clearly visible in Guernica and causing a variety of interpretations, even is extreme cases give off a negative connotation to entire painting.   

The work can be viewed at Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain.

ArtistPablo Picasso
LocationMuseo Reina Sofia, Madrid
MediumOil on Canvas

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