The Entombment of Christ is a painting produced between 1603 and 1604 by Italian artist Caravaggio.
The Entombment of Christ was probably planned earlier but begun in 1602-1603. The chapel in which the Entombment of Christ was to be hung was dedicated to the Pieta, Pietro Vittrice was the founder of it, a close friend of Pope Gregory XIII (who issued a bull confirming the formation of a new society called the Oratory and granting it the church of Santa Maria in Vallicella) and also close follower of Filippo Neri.
The painting is not a moment of transfiguration but a moment of mourning. Entombment of Christ is not a burial because the body of Christ is being laid on a stone slab and not being lowered on to a tomb.
In 1797, The painting ‘The Entombment of Christ’ was taken to Paris for the Musee Napoleon and then it was returned to Rome and installed in the Vatican in 1816.