The Sistine Madonna is an oil painting produced in 1512 by Italian painter Raphael.
It was Pope Julius II who commissioned the painting in honor of Pope Sixtus IV, his late uncle for the basilica church as an altarpiece of the Benedictine Monastery of San Sisto in Piacenza. The Rovere family had a long term standing relationship with them. In this painting both Saints Sixtus and Barbara were to be depicted as commissioned by the commission. It was known that when Antonio da Correggio first laid eyes on the piece, legend says that he was inspired to cry.
Raphael’s masterpiece, pigment analysis reveals that they used usual pigments, at the top of painting – malachite mixed with orpiment in the green drapery, for the blue robe of Madonna with natural ultramarine mixed with lead white and for yellow sleeve of St Barbara, a mixture of lead-tin-yellow, vermilion and lead white. Pigments used were of the renaissance period.